Subpersonalities: The People Inside Us
By John Rowan (Routledge 1990)
Everybody knows that normal people have subpersonalities, ego states, subselves, complexes, alter personalities, subidentities, whatever we may like to call them, but nothing about them appears in the standard texts on personality. This book is an attempt to put them on the map, so that in future they cannot be ignored or set aside. This is not a book about the abnormal, but about our everyday experience. The material presented here is interesting to the ordinary person and to the expert alike. It puts forward the latest thinking on this subject from a variety of sources, and shows that it must be taken seriously.
PART ONE: WHAT ARE SUBPERSONALITIES?
Chapter 1: SETTING THE SCENE
Starting point; Definitions; History; Political implications; A warning; Origins; An example
Chapter 2: SUBPERSONALITIES IN EVERYDAY LIFE
Conflicts; Social roles; Identity problems; Dream characters; Relationships; Maturity; Altered states of consciousness; Plays, novels and films; Steppenwolf
Chapter 3: BEGINNING TO INVESTIGATE
My own research; Little Wilhelmina; Freem; Real Self; Achille and Green Elf; Tiger; My own subpersonalities; Schwartz
PART TWO: FUNCTIONS AND USES OF SUBPERSONALITIES
Chapter 4: SUBPERSONALITIES IN PSYCHOTHERAPY: THE EARLY YEARS
Freud; Jung and Active imagination; Psychosynthesis; Psychodrama
Chapter 5: SUBPERSONALITIES IN PSYCHOTHERAPY: THE SIXTIES
Perls; Gestalt therapy and the body; Extending gestalt therapy; Berne; Shapiro; Shorr
Chapter 6: SUBPERSONALITIES IN PSYCHOTHERAPY: THE RECENT WORK
John Watkins; Voice dialogue; Mahrer and experiential therapy; Hypnotherapy; Satir; Neuro-Linguistic Programming; Sasportas and astrology; Cognitive and behavioural psychotherapy; Hillman’s critique; The integration of psychotherapy
PART THREE: THE EXPLANATIONS
Chapter 7: DEVELOPMENT OF SUBPERSONALITIES
Eight developmental diagrams; The origin; The primal split; Splitting and introjection; Putting away childish things; The hollow person; Unhappy consciousness; Opening; Breakthrough; Mahrer’s alternative
Chapter 8: OTHER ORIGINS OF SUBPERSONALITIES
The cultural unconscious; Archetypes; The multiple unconscious and Ken Wilber; Fantasy images and Mary Watkins; Archetype or fantasy?
Chapter 9: ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND SUBPERSONALITIES
Martindale; Rogers; Markus & Sentis; Rosenberg; McAdams; Gazzaniga; Ornstein; Cantor & Kihlstrom; Markus & Nurius; Minsky
Chapter 10: OBJECTIONS TO SUBPERSONALITIES AND SOME REPLIES
The soul and the mind; Materialism; The totalitarian ego; The person; Body and brain; Avoiding the issue; The one and the many; Pluralism and heterarchy
PART FOUR: THE POTENTIAL
Chapter 11: WHITHER SUBPERSONALITIES?
More data on more people; Regularities; Elicitation; Working with subpersonalities; Subpersonalities and change; The internal society; Structures
Chapter 12: BEYOND THE SUBPERSONALITIES
Psychospiritual development; The real self; The transpersonal self and the soul; The causal self; Looking back at subpersonalities; Conclusion
BIBLIOGRAPHY INDEX ISBN 0-415-04329-8